state situated in Southern Africa, with a wide coastline. To its north, it has a border with the Democratic Republic of Congo, to its east with Zambia and to its south with Namibia.
The Angolan state was the scene of a civil war in 1975 when it proclaimed itself the People’s Republic of Angola. The People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), which had won the war, put Angola on its way to becoming a communist society, being supported by the ‘peacekeeping troops’ sent by Cuba and the USSR.
At the same time, another armed group that had a political party, the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), was backed by the regime ruling South Africa and the international community.
A third faction going by the name of the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (NFLA), which was actually financed by the dictator Salazar’s Portugal, beneficiated from the help of communist Romania and other ‘friendly’ countries, with them receiving ammunition and weapons.
After a peace agreement between the bigger parties, NFLA and UNITA, mediated by Portugal and the UN in 1991, free elections are organized under international surveillance. This conflict in fact pitted against each other the two doctrines of the modern world, communism and capitalism, left behind 500 000 deaths and caused major damage to the Angolan economy.
Angola has a border dispute with the People’s Republic of Congo regarding the region of Cabinda. This is a territory located near where the Congo River flows into the Atlantic Ocean and they fight for control over it because both countries want the commercial and strategical advantages its position offers.
Cabinda is the exact definition of an exclave, being a country’s territory that is situated in another country or between two countries. Cabinda was named for a while Portuguese Congo and is a prosper region with a lot of petrol where rebel groups that wanted their independence from Angola activate. Even when it was destabilized by the civil war in 1975, Angola did not allow the factions from Cabinda to separate from it.